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Ten ways to boost your Gmail

Gmail is one of the most widely used email service worldwide. There are various reasons for its popularity such as storage space, fast user interface, free sign-up etc. However, there are a lot of features that can enhance the user experience of the mail service by manifold. Most users are aware of the features that are enabled by default and use them regularly. Here are 10 of the lesser-known enhancements available in Gmail that are disabled by default, but are extremely useful.

1) Don't attach, embed

By default, Gmail gives you the option of only attaching images to an email. However, with this feature enabled you can embed images from your computer or from a website directly into the mail body. Go to Settings, click on Labs, scroll down to the feature that says "Inserting Images" and enable it. You will notice the new insert image box in your mail composer right next to the emoticon icon.

2) Stop that mail

Pressed the send mail button too quickly? Gmail Labs has a feature that gives you a few seconds to stop the mail from going out after you press the send button. Go to Settings, click on Labs and enable the option that says "Undo Send". Click General under Settings and here you can select the time (up to 30 seconds) for which the email can be stopped after it is sent. When you press the send button and the inbox comes up, you would see a yellow box saying, "Your message has been sent. Undo or View message" on top. Click on undo to cancel sending the mail and get the draft back. You can then make the necessary changes to the text or add the recipients you forgot and send again.

3) Sharing your power

This feature is useful for people who have multiple Gmail address or who want to grant read/write permission for their account to another user. Go to Settings, click on Accounts and Import, at the bottom you will see an option that says "Grant Access to your account". Click on Add Account and enter the Gmail address of the person you want to grant access. Once the person accepts the verification mail, he/she can access your account by clicking on the arrow next to his own mail ID on top right and selecting your mail ID. The access allows the user to read, write and delete mails.

4) Reply to all

Gmail's default reply button composes the mail to the person who has sent the mail ignoring all the people who were put in CC. If you have to do a reply all, you have to press the arrow next to the reply box and then select "reply to all". Instead, you can set the "reply to all" function as default. Go to Settings, click on Labs and enable "Default reply to all" feature. It is far simpler to just remove selective email IDs from the CC box than selecting " reply to all" from a drop down box every time. 

5) My Time, Not Your Time

While communicating with friends, family or colleagues in different parts of the world, we sometimes forget about time zones. While it is mid-afternoon for you, it might be midnight for the recipient and hence an immediate reply will not come. To know the difference in time zones for both parties, enable the "Sender Time Zone" feature by going to Settings and clicking on Labs. Now, when you click on "show details" in the mail, you can see the time at which you have sent the mail and what time is at the receiver's end and vice versa.

6) Peek-a-boo

Sometimes, you want to just have a quick look at the mail without opening the whole conversation. Gmail Labs enables you to do this with a simple tweak. Go to Settings, click on Labs and enable the "Message Sneak Peak" feature. Now, when you right click on any mail from the inbox, it will show you the latest mail received or sent in the conversation along with options to delete or mark as read, you don't have to open the entire conversation.

7) Control the content

You've probably noticed those little one, line ads that keep rotating on the top of the inbox above the various buttons. Not only are they unobtrusive, but also they can be rather helpful, sometimes offering relevant information. Those ads are called Web-Clips and Gmail gives you the option to select what kind of content you want to see there. Go to Settings, click on Web-Clips and here you can remove all the topics that Gmail has added by default. Instead add the topics that you want to read about from the available selection. You can also add the RSS feed of your favorite website by entering it in the search box on the left and adding the feed.

8) Next in line

While checking your mail or going through results of searched mail, when you delete or achieve a conversation, Gmail takes you back to the inbox or search results listing. Wouldn't it be great if instead of going back to the listing, Gmail would open the next or previous mail? Go to Settings, click on Labs and enable the "Auto-Advance" feature. Now click on General and there select if you would like Gmail to take you to the next mail, previous mail or back to the listing interface when you delete or archive a mail. Depending on your preferences, this could save you a lot of time in navigation.

9) My mail, my shortcuts

A lot of people like to have a set way of custom keyboard mappings across various applications. By default, Gmail has a set of keyboard shortcuts that can be viewed in the help section. However, if you are one of those who like to set your own keyboard shortcuts for various functions, then you are in luck. Go to Settings, click on Labs and enable the "Custom Keyboard shortcuts" feature. Now, under Settings, you will see "Keyboard shortcuts". Simply click on that and customize shortcuts for various functions as per your choice.

10) Personal toys

Although Gmail offers a lot of features, it doesn't offer everything for everybody. However, if you enable the "Add any gadget by URL" feature under Settings > Labs, it opens a whole new dimension for adding what you need to your sidebar. Once enabled, go to Settings and click on "Gadgets". Here in the box that says add a gadget by its URL, simply search for a gadget on Google that suits your need and add it. There are already a bunch of gadgets available that integrate various social network feeds on sidebar as well as add functionality such as reminders, URL shorter etc.

Note: Whenever you enable any of these features, Gmail reloads to show the new controls and add-ons.

Old Snakey

Gmail is not all about work only. Other than features to enhance productivity, it also offers its share of fun element. Go to Settings, click on Labs and enable the "Old Snakey" feature. Click on General under Settings and enable keyboard shortcuts if you haven't already. Wait for Gmail to reload and once your inbox comes up press "&" on your keyboard (Shift+7). A pop up window will appear with Atari style snake game, which you can play with your keyboard.         

Our farmers are dying, to hell with the World Cup

Our farmers are dyng, to hell with the World Cup


On average, 47 farmers have been committing suicide every single day in the past 16 years in our shining India

Yes, you read it right; to hell with the World Cup; to hell with the celebrations; to hell with all the free land and money being showered by different governments on the players. How can I jump, scream, have gallons of beer and cheer for the nation when a few kilometres away the farmers and feeders of my country are taking their own lives in hordes?

Do you know that, on average, 47 farmers have been committing suicide every single day in the past 16 years in our shining India — the next economic power, progressive with nine per cent growth?

Last month, on March 5, Friday evening, when Bangalore's watering holes were getting filled up, when all the DJs were blaring out deafening music, when we were busy discussing India's chances at the World Cup, sitting in CCDs and Baristas — just 100 km away from Bangalore, Swamy Gowda and Vasanthamma, a young farmer couple, hanged themselves, leaving their three very young children to fend for themselves or, most likely, die of malnutrition.

Why did they do it? Were they fighting? No. Were they drunkards? No. Did they have incurable diseases? No! Then WHY? Because they were unable to repay a loan of Rs 80,000 (a working IT couple's one month salary? 2-3 months EMI?) for years, which had gradually increased to Rs. 1.2 lakh. Because they knew that now they would never be able to pay it back. Because they were hurt. Hurt by our government which announced a huge reduction in import duty for silk in this year's budget (from 30 per cent to 5 per cent).They were struggling silk farmers and instead of help from the government, they get this! Decrease in import duty means the markets will now be flooded with cheap Chinese silk (as everything else!) and our own farmers will be left in the lurch.

On average, 17,000 farmers have been committing suicide every year, for the past 15 years on the trot. Can you believe it? Most of us wouldn't know this fact. Why? Because, our great Indian media, the world's biggest media, are not interested in reporting this! Why? Because they are more interested in covering fashion week extravaganzas. They are more interested in 'why team India was not practising when Pakistanis were sweating it out in stadium on the eve of the match?' They are more interested in Poonam Pandey.

The media are supposed to be the third eye of democracy and also called the fourth estate, but now they have become real estate. Pure business.

So any attention from the media is out of the question. Who is left then? The government? But we all know how it works. The other day, I was passing by Vidhan Soudha in Bangalore and happened to read the slogan written at the entrance, "Government work is god's work". Now I know why our government has left all its work to god!

Karnataka Chief Minister B.S. Yeddyurappa announced plots for all the players. But land? In Bangalore? You must be kidding, Mr. C.M.. So he retracts and now wants to give money. But where will it come from? Taxes, yours and mine. Don't the poor farmers need the land or money more than those players who are already earning in crores?

A government-owned bank will give you loan at six per cent interest rate if you are buying a Mercedes but if a poor farmer wants to buy a tractor, do you know how much it is charging him? Fifteen per cent! Look at the depths of inequality. Water is Rs. 15 a litre and a SIM card is for free! For how long can we bite the hand that is feeding us? The recent onion price fiasco was just a trailer. Picture abhi baaki hai doston!

In 2008, Lakme India fashion show venue was in a Mumbai five-star hotel and was covered by 500 journalists and the theme was 'Cotton'. A few hours drive from there, cotton farmers were committing suicide, 4 or 5, everyday! How many TV journalists covered this? Zero!

Sixty-seventy per cent of India's population is living on less than Rs. 20 a day. A bottle of Diet coke for us? The electricity used in a day-night match could help a farmer irrigate his fields for more than a few weeks! Do you know that loadshedding is also class dependent? Two hours in metros, 4 in towns and 8 in villages. Now, who needs electricity more? A farmer to look after his crop day and night, irrigate, pump water and use machines or a few bored, young professionals with disposable incomes, to log on to Facebook and watch IPL?

How can we splurge thousands on our birthday parties and zoom past in our AC vehicles and sit in cushy chairs in our AC offices and plan a weekend trip to Coorg when on the way, in those small villages, just a few minutes' walk from the roads, someone might be consuming pesticide or hanging himself from a tree for just Rs.10, 000? How can we?

There was much panic when there was swine flu. Every single death in the country was reported second by second, minute by minute. Why? Because it directly affected our salaried, ambitious, tech-savvy, middle-class. So there were masks, special relief centres, enquiry centres set up by government to please this section. On the other hand, 47 people are dying, every single day for the past 15 years. Anybody cared to do anything?

It has been observed that within months of a farmer taking his life, his wife follows, either by poisoning the kids first or leaving them on their own. In Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh, a distressed woman farmer went to the government seed shop, bought a bottle of pesticide, on credit, went home and drank it. She was under debt for most of her life and now — even her death was on credit!

Centuries ago, there was a Roman emperor, called Nero. He was a strong ruler and also very fond of parties, art, poetry, drinking and a life full of pleasures. Once he decided to organise a grand party and invited all poets, writers, dancers, painters, artists, intellectuals and thinkers of society. Everybody was having a great time eating, drinking, laughing, and socialising. The party was at its peak when it started getting dark. Nero wanted the party to go on. So he ordered and got all the arrested criminals, who were in his jails, around the garden and put them on fire! Burnt them alive, so that there was enough light for the guests to keep on enjoying! The guests had a gala time though they knew the cost of their enjoyment. Now, what kind of conscience those guests had?

Nero's guests

What is happening in our country is not different from Nero's party. We, the middle-class-young-well-earning-mall-hopping-IPL-watching and celebrating-junta are Nero's guests enjoying at the cost of our farmers. Every budget favours the already rich. More exemptions are being given to them at the cost of grabbing the land of our farmers in the name of SEZs, decrease in import duties in the name of neo-liberal policies, increase in the loan interest rates if the product is not worth lakhs and crores. Yes, that's what we are, Nero's guests!

I'm not against celebrations. I'm not against cricket. I'm not against World Cup. I would be the first person to scream, celebrate and feel proud of any of India's achievements but, only if all fellow countrymen, farmers, villagers also stand with me and cheer; only if they do not take their own lives ruthlessly, only if there is no difference between interest rates for a Mercedes and a tractor. That would be the day I also zoom past on a bike, post-Indian win, with an Indian Flag in hand and screaming Bharat Mata Ki Jai. But no, not today. Not at the cost of my feeders. Until then, this is what I say. To hell with your malls. To hell with your IPL. To hell with your World Cup. And to hell with your celebrations.

(The writer's email is: naren.singh.shekhawat@

Source: The Hindu Open Page

Work of Genius!

Have a look at this link : Duplicate Site

Now have a look at this site : Original Site

Did you spot any difference? The duplicate site is a duplicate site because it is a Pishing Site.
Pishing Sites are duplicate sites that are designed and developed to fool ignorant people. Online Banking is not a new thing but it is always a new thing for those who use it for the first time. Moreover, those who work in a hurry or have over confidence also fall prey to the Pishing Sites. Lastly, luck plays an important role in getting robbed or winning a lottery, which simply is beyond the scope of human beings. However, precautionary measures can be taken to avoid problems.

The Duplicate Site mentioned here is work of genius. It does not allow right click, it looks like the Original SBI site and it makes you feel that you are going in the right direction.

Duplicate Site

Original Site


Have a look at the two snapshots and you will understand the difference between an original and duplicate site. An original site will always provide a security certificate, which is usually green in color. Secondly, when you try to login the URL changes from http to https, where 's' stands for secure. However, the duplicate site here is designed skillfully and you do not feel that it is duplicate or fraud. It can reach you like Online SBI or Online SBI Demat or Pay Online SBI.

When you move ahead with this duplicate site, there are high chances that your Anti Virus or Mozilla [Browser] itself will detect the phishing site and warn you. If you dont have any anti virus or intelligent browser then things can take bad shape.

The green bar at the top(which you have shown as a prominent difference) is only visible in Firefox. The more fool-proof way of authenticating a website is looking for the 'padlock' symbol in the lower right corner of your browser. Before you enter your password anywhere (google, gmail,irctc,SBI,billdesk,paypal), make sure the padlock symbol appears without any exclamation mark. The padlock symbol indicates that the security certificate presented by the site is authentic and belongs to the openend site only. And as a spin off Facebook does not as yet use security certificates, hence its passwords can be intercepted by attackers. SO PLEASE DON'T GIVE THE SAME PASSWORD TO YOUR FACEBOOK AND MAIL ACCOUNTS.

So Be careful friends........

Keep visiting for more updates....

Money Bag


Calendar for July 2011















Money bags

This year, July has 5 Fridays, 5 Saturdays and 5 Sundays. This happens once every 823 years. This is called money bags. So, forward this to your friends and money will arrive within 4 days. Based on Chinese Feng Shui. The one who does not forward.....will be without money.
Try the Luck of the Chinese.
Good Luck !!!



Software Testing Jokes

IT world is full of forwared mails. I have collected few jokes related to software and testing. Hope you will like them.

Testing Definition
To tell somebody that he is wrong is called criticism. To do so officially is called testing.



10 things to know about Anna Hazare and Lok Pal Bill

Let's at least pass the Message on and enlighten ppl on what is the Importance of this Anna Hazare's Hunger Strike….. !!!!!!!!!

1. Who is Anna Hazare?

An ex-army man. Fought 1965 Indo-Pak War


2. What's so special about him?

He built a village Ralegaon Siddhi in Ahamad Nagar district, Maharashtra


3. So what?

This village is a self-sustained model village. Energy is produced in the village itself from solar power, biofuel and wind mills.

In 1975, it used to be a poverty clad village. Now it is one of the richest village in India. It has become a model for self-sustained, eco-friendly & harmonic village. 


4. Ok,...?

This guy, Anna Hazare was awarded Padma Bhushan and is a known figure for his social activities.


5. Really, what is he fighting for?

He is supporting a cause, the amendment of a law to curb corruption in India.


6. How that can be possible?

He is advocating for a Bill, The Lok Pal Bill (The Citizen Ombudsman Bill), that will form an autonomous authority who will make politicians (ministers), beurocrats (IAS/IPS) accountable for their deeds.


8. It's an entirely new thing right..?

In 1972, the bill was proposed by then Law minister Mr. Shanti Bhushan. Since then it has been neglected by the politicians and some are trying to change the bill to suit thier theft (corruption).


7. Oh.. He is going on a hunger strike for that whole thing of passing a Bill ! How can that be possible in such a short span of time?

The first thing he is asking for is: the government should come forward and announce that the bill is going to be passed. Next, they make a joint committee to DRAFT the LOK PAL BILL. 50% goverment participation and 50% public participation. Because you cant trust the government entirely for making such a bill which does not suit them.


8. Fine, What will happen when this bill is passed?

A LokPal will be appointed at the centre. He will have an autonomous charge, say like the Election Commission of India. In each and every state, Lokayukta will be appointed. The job is to bring all alleged party to trial in case of corruptions within 1 year. Within 2 years, the guilty will be punished. Not like, Bofors scam or Bhopal Gas Tragedy case, that has been going for last 25 years without any result.


9. Is he alone? Who else is there in the fight with Anna Hazare?

Baba Ramdev, Ex. IPS Kiran Bedi, Social Activist Swami Agnivesh, RTI activist Arvind Kejriwal and many more.

Prominent personalities like Aamir Khan is supporting his cause.


10. Ok, got it. What can I do?

At least we can spread the message. How?

Putting status message, links, video, changing profile pics.

At least we can support Anna Hazare and the cause for uprooting corruption from India. 

At least we can hope that his Hunger Strike does not go in vain.

At least we can pray for his good health. 


Just add your name to support Anna Hazare's struggle against corruption same way we bucked up Team India in WORLD CUP.

This struggle is not for one's pride, not only for a nation, This is all about ourselves to prove how we encourage our society.





Being Leader is not mean to be powerful, this to make people, all your around, strong.


Once upon 2.77 acres

Once upon 2.77 acres of land, people discovered God. Some of the people called Him Rama. Some called Him Allah. God smiled at them all, because only He knew that He was in every name, and that He was beyond names.

Sometimes God tried to explain this to the people, but they could not understand. He tried to tell them through the leaves of trees, and through the songs of birds. He planted His truth in the eyes of every child, and He waited for the people to see it. But they would not look, and so they did not see.

The people, however, did love God. They were fascinated by Him. They adored and feared Him, and they chose beautiful ways to worship Him. They did not all choose the same way, of course, because God had long ago breathed into each of these people the gifts of self-expression and choice. So some of the people heard a hymn to God in the striking of a bell, and some heard it in the voice of a man calling them to prayer.

God heard them both. But in time, another sound started to drown out the hymns He loved. It was the sound of the people, quarrelling amongst themselves as to whose god God was.

God bowed His head and wept. And the people looked up and said, "Ah, rain."

For a time, they were distracted, and they began to speak of weather and soil and geography. But inevitably, they returned to their arguing. And this time they quarrelled about whose land God's land was.

"Mine," said God, whispering the word through the rustle of leaves. But the people could not hear the word over the noise of their angers and their fears.

"Yours," said God, scattering the word through the songs of birds. But the people were too busy gathering evidence to spare any time to find the word.

"Ours," said God, shining the word through the eyes of children. But the people kept their eyes fixed, burning with hate, upon each other, and did not notice the word.

Besides, the people had found a new word, a word that felt powerful and reassuring. It was not a word that was as powerful and reassuring as God Himself, but it felt real and solid. It could be touched and prodded and probed, taken apart and put back together.

"Proof!" all the people cried, in a brief moment of unity. "Proof is what we need!"

And God wondered when proof had replaced Him. Faith was all He had hoped for, and all His gifts had been gifts of love. Proof had never been one of them.

Nobody knows the exact day when He walked quietly away from those 2.77 acres of land, and nobody said goodbye, because nobody noticed He had left.

Can Anna Hazare uproot the rampant corruption?

The name of Anna Hazare is being widely discussed all over the country for the past few days. People of all classes and regions are supporting the fast-unto-death launched by the social activist and Gandhian, demanding introduction of the Jan Lok Pal bill which provides for the appointment of an ombudsman to deal with corruption.

Anna Hazare was born in 1940 in the Maharahtra state. Because his family was poverty-stricken, he could not study beyond seventh standard. He has joined the Indian Army as a driver and has participated in the Indo-Pakistan War of 1965. He was the only survivor in a border exchange of fire while driving a truck during the war. While in the army, Anna Hazare spent his spare time reading the books of Swami Vivekananda, Mahatma Gandhi and Acharya Vinobabhave. He was inspired by these great men to become a social activist after he took voluntary retirement from the Army.

After retirement, Hazare came to his native Relegan Siddhi village in 1975 and transformed it into a role model by organizing the youth. He has set up an organization called ‘Tarun Mandal.’ He made the village alcohol-free by motivating the youth.  He is the harbinger of the watershed movement in the country. He has motivated the residents of the village into Shramdan to build canals, small scale check dams and percolation tanks for watershed development. His efforts solved the problem of scarcity of water in the village. Irrigation also was made possible through people’s own efforts. He was honored by the Union Government with Paddma Bhushan in the year 1992.

The crusade of Anna Hazare against corruption is not new. He fought against corruption in Maharashtra several times and six corrupt ministers and 400 corrupt officials had to quit as a result of his fight. However, results of such individual fights are showing only temporary results and the menace of corruption could not be totally eliminated either from politics of officialdom. Corruption has been raising its ugly head in one form or the other all the time. Corruption could not be totally uprooted, as there is no strong system to punish the corrupt and recover the ill-gotten public money. The result is that the corruption has further strengthened in the country and from tens of crores of rupees it has grown to hundreds of crores and lakhs of crores of rupees.

Hajare remained a bachelor as he wanted no hooks to hold him to the family life that might eventually make it necessary to accept a graft in some kind or the other. He has no bank balances, no positions. He leads a simple life and lives in a temple premises. Can such a simple person bring a change in this hardened system? Can he grapple with the corrupt political forces and win over them? This is the main topic of discussion all over the country now.

Every citizen is angry about the politicians and officials who are nibbling at the public money and robbing the wealth that would have otherwise improved the welfare of the society. However, every one is remaining a silent spectator, thinking that he could not uproot the massive structure of corruption single handed. The fast of Haare has gained nation-wide importance because he is one man who thought even a single person could bring out a change and fight against the system. Let us hope that the movement he has launched would transform into a massive tide and wash the corruption away and the Jan Lokpal bill would be a realty as he desired. Andhra is extending its whole-hearted support to Anna Hazare and his crusade against corruption and is hoping that the Jan Lok Pal Bill would soon materialize.

Deficiencies in the present anti-corruption systems

Deficiencies in the present anti-corruption systems


Central Government level:

At central Government level, there is Central Vigilance Commission, Departmental vigilance and CBI. CVC and Departmental vigilance deal with vigilance (disciplinary proceedings) aspect of a corruption case and CBI deals with criminal aspect of that case.

Central Vigilance Commission: CVC is the apex body for all vigilance cases in Government of India.

·         However, it does not have adequate resources commensurate with the large number of complaints that it receives. CVC is a very small set up with a  staff strength less than 200. It is supposed to check corruption in more than 1500 central government departments and ministries, some of them being as big as Central Excise, Railways, Income Tax etc. Therefore, it has to depend on the vigilance wings of respective departments and forwards most of the complaints for inquiry and report to them. While it monitors the progress of these complaints, there is delay and the complainants are often disturbed by this.  It directly enquires into a few complaints on its own, especially when it suspects motivated delays or where senior officials could be implicated. But given the constraints of manpower, such number is really small.

·         CVC is merely an advisory body. Central Government Departments seek CVC's advice on various corruption cases. However, they are free to accept or reject CVC's advice. Even in those cases, which are directly enquired into by the CVC, it can only advise government. CVC mentions these cases of non-acceptance in its monthly reports and the Annual Report to Parliament. But these are not much in focus in Parliamentary debates or by the media.

·         Experience shows that CVC's advice to initiate prosecution is rarely accepted and whenever CVC advised major penalty, it was reduced to minor penalty. Therefore, CVC can hardly be treated as an effective deterrent against corruption.

·         CVC cannot direct CBI to initiate enquiries against any officer of the level of Joint Secretary and above on its own. The CBI has to seek the permission of that department, which obviously would not be granted if the senior officers of that department are involved and they could delay the case or see to it that permission would not be granted. 

·         CVC does not have powers to register criminal case. It deals only with vigilance or disciplinary matters.

·         It does not have powers over politicians. If there is an involvement of a politician in any case, CVC could  at best bring it to the notice of the Government. There are several cases of serious corruption in which officials and political executive are involved together.

·         It does not have any direct powers over departmental vigilance wings. Often it is seen that CVC forwards a complaint to a department and then keeps sending reminders to them to enquire and send report. Many a times, the departments just do not comply. CVC does not have any really effective powers over them to seek compliance of its orders.

·         CVC does not have administrative control over officials in vigilance wings of various central government departments to which it forwards corruption complaints. Though the government does consult CVC before appointing the Chief Vigilance Officers of various departments, however, the final decision lies with the government. Also, the officials below CVO are appointed/transferred by that department only. Only in exceptional cases, if the CVO chooses to bring it to the notice of CVC, CVC could bring pressure on the Department to revoke orders but again such recommendations are not binding.

·         Appointments to CVC are directly under the control of ruling political party, though the leader of the Opposition is a member of the Committee to select CVC and VCs. But the Committee only considers names put up before it and that is decided by the Government. The appointments are opaque.

·         CVC Act gives supervisory powers to CVC over CBI. However, these supervisory powers have remained ineffective. CVC does not have the power to call for any file from CBI or to direct them to do any case in a particular manner. Besides, CBI is under administrative control of DOPT rather than CVC.

·         Therefore, though CVC is relatively independent in its functioning, it neither has resources nor powers to enquire and take action on complaints of corruption in a manner that meets the expectations of people or act as an effective deterrence against corruption.


Departmental Vigilance Wings: Each Department has a vigilance wing, which is manned by officials from the same department (barring a few which have an outsider as Chief Vigilance Officer. However, all the officers under him belong to the same department).

·         Since the officers in the vigilance wing of a department are from the same department and they can be posted to any position in that department anytime, it is practically impossible for them to be independent and objective while  inquiring into complaints against their colleagues and seniors. If a complaint is received against a senior officer, it is impossible to enquire into that complaint because an officer who is in vigilance today might get posted under that senior officer some time in future.

·         In some departments, especially in the Ministries , some  officials double up as vigilance officials. It means that an existing official is given additional duty of vigilance also. So, if some citizen complaints against that officer, the complaint is expected to be enquired into by the same officer. Even if someone complaints against that officer to the CVC or to the Head of that Department or to any other authority, the complaint is forwarded by all these agencies and it finally lands up in his own lap to enquire against himself. Even if he recuses himself from such inquiries , still they have to be handled by those who otherwise report to him. There are indeed examples of such absurdity.

·         There have been instances of the officials posted in vigilance wing by that department having had a very corrupt past. While in vigilance, they try to scuttle all cases against themselves. They also turn vigilance wing into a hub of corruption, where cases are closed for consideration.

·         Departmental vigilance does not investigate into criminal aspect of any case. It does not have the powers to register an FIR.

·         They also do not have any powers against politicians.

·         Since the vigilance wing is directly under the control of the Head of that Department, it is practically impossible for them to enquire against senior officials of that department.

·         Therefore, , the vigilance wing of any department is seen to softpedal on genuine complaints or  used to enquire against " inconvenient" officers.


CBI: CBI has powers of a police station to investigate and register FIR. It can investigate any case related to a Central Government department on its own or any case referred to it by any state government or any court.

·         CBI is overburdened and does not accept cases even where amount of defalcation is alleged to be around Rs 1 crore.

·         CBI is directly under the administrative control of Central Government.

·         So, if a complaint pertains to any minister or politician who  is part of a  ruling coalition or a bureaucrat who is close to them, CBI's credibility  has suffered and there is increasing public perception that  it cannot do a fair investigation and that it is influenced to  to scuttle these cases.

·         Again, because CBI is directly under the control of Central Government, CBI is perceived to have been often  used to settle scores against inconvenient politicians.

Therefore, if a citizen wants to make a complaint about corruption by a politician or an official in the Central Government, there isn't a single anti-corruption agency which is effective and independent of the government, whose wrongdoings are sought to be investigated. CBI has powers but it is not independent. CVC is independent but it does not have sufficient powers or resources.


My first blog post......

Hi Everyone,

This is my first blog posting......

Thank you very much for your visit...